By Kingsley Agu (Programs Manager, CODE)
The Zonal Intervention Projects (ZIP) are projects nominated by the 469 Members (109 Senators and 360 House of Representatives) of the National Assembly from the 36 states + the FCT worth 100 Billion Naira annually. ZIPs are popularly called Constituency Projects and as the name implies, they are to be executed in the constituency of each of the members in the National Assembly to ensure that development and government presence trickle down to all the Federal Constituencies in Nigeria annually. This 100 Billion Naira ZIP Budget allocation is shared in a 40:60 sharing formula for the Senate and House of Representatives members representatives. This means 40 Billion Naira goes to the 109 Senators while 60 Billion Naira goes to the 360 House of Representatives members to fund their constituency projects.
According to the Premium Times, there is equal distribution of the allocation to the 6 geopolitical zones. This arrangement means lawmakers from regions with more states have less funds on constituency projects. For example, lawmakers from the South-East zone with just 5 states have more funds for constituency projects than lawmakers from zones like the North-West with 7 states.
In Deepening the interest of citizens’ in government’s spendings and addressing accompanying corrupt practices (DeSPAAC) project in Kaduna State with support from the MacArthur Foundation, Connected Development has discovered that House of Representatives members representing Kaduna State in National Assembly each gets just 65 Million Naira allocation annually for ZIPs due to that sharing formula. Hence, there’s a need for more equitable redistribution of the 100 Billion Naira ZIPs allocation across members of the National Assembly.
A deep dive into the 2022 ZIP Budget shows that 1710 Projects amounting to 100 Billion Naira have been budgeted to be executed under the 2022 Zonal Intervention projects (ZIP) across the 36 states of Nigeria + the FCT. Data Analysis of the 2022 ZIP budget shows that members allocated the largest amount to the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to implement their ZIPs as 28.7% of the budget (28.69 Billion Naira) was allocated to the Federal Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development, this is followed by the Office of the Secretary to the Government of the Federation (SGF) with 14% (13.69 Billion Naira) allocation, Federal Ministry of Science & Technology with 10.94%, Federal Ministry of Labour & Employment With 10.11%, Federal Ministry of Industry, Trade & Investment with 6.08%, and Federal Ministry of Water Resources with 6.05% allocations respectively.
The Federal Ministry of Education, Federal Ministry of Health, and Federal Ministry of Women Affairs were allocated 5.4, 2.1% and 1.2% respectively. The pie chart below shows the distribution of the 2022 ZIPs among MDAs.
The 28.69 Billion Naira worth of projects allocated to the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development are for 372 projects of which 29% (which is 107) of those projects are for Empowerment and Training. The SGF is to implement 257 projects while the Federal Ministry of Labour & Employment is to implement 213 projects in the 2022 ZIP (constituency project) Budget. The table 1.0 below shows the breakdown of the amount and percentage of allocation to each MDAs in the 2022 ZIP Budget
|MDA||Budgeted||% of Budgeted to Total|
|Federal Ministry Of Agriculture||28,693,967,406||28.69%|
|Ministry Of Communication Technology||199,000,000||0.20%|
|Federal Ministry Of Defence||339,000,000||0.34%|
|Federal Ministry Of Education||5,393,972,000||5.39%|
|Federal Ministry Of Environment||1,155,222,000||1.16%|
|Federal Capital Territory Administration||50,000,000||0.05%|
|Finance, Bud. & Nat. Plan||1,153,000,000||1.15%|
|Federal Ministry Of Foreign Affairs||713,000,000||0.71%|
|Head Of Service||214,000,000||0.21%|
|Federal Ministry Of Health||2,117,145,190||2.12%|
|Ministry Of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management AndSocial Development||2,675,038,666||2.68%|
|Federal Ministry Of Information & Culture||3,218,124,380||3.22%|
|Federal Ministry Of Justice||685,666,000||0.69%|
|Federal Ministry Of Labour And Employment||10,109,271,046||10.11%|
|Ministry Of Mines And Steel Development||409,666,000||0.41%|
|National Agency For Science And EngineeringInfrastructure (Naseni)||903,000,000||0.90%|
|Federal Ministry Of Power||560,599,000||0.56%|
|Public Complaints Commission||697,000,000||0.70%|
|Federal Ministry Of Science And Technology||10,940,945,532||10.94%|
|Office Of The Secretary To The Government Of The Federation||13,988,713,760||13.99%|
|Federal Ministry Of Special Duties & Inter – GovernmentalAffairs||1,571,000,000||1.57%|
|Federal Ministry Of Youth & Sports Development||30,000,000||0.03%|
|Federal Ministry Of Industry, Trade And Investment||6,083,184,380||6.08%|
|Federal Ministry Of Transportation||240,000,000||0.24%|
|Federal Ministry Of Water Resources||6,053,100,300||6.05%|
|Federal Ministry Of Women Affairs||1,203,384,340||1.20%|
|Federal Ministry Of Works & Housing||133,000,000||0.13%|
Now that the details of the 2022 Zonal Intervention Projects (ZIP) Budget are now known, it is over to the citizens to #FollowTheMoney to ensure its effective utilisation to the betterment of communities across Nigeria.